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iconMicroRNA was discovered in Unicellular Organisms

MicroRNA was discovered in Unicellular Organisms

In the May 15th issue of Genes & Development, an international collaboration of researchers, led by Dr. Yijun Qi (National Institute of Biological Sciences, China), report on their discovery of microRNAs in the unicellular green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. This is the first finding of microRNAs in a unicellular organism.

The finding changes the dogma that miRNAs only exist in multicellular organisms, and adds an important piece into the blooming small RNA world

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of conserved, approximately 21-nucleotide long RNAs that regulate the expression of genes by either cleaving complementary mRNA targets or repressing their translation. MiRNAs have been identified in both plants and animals, acting as key regulators of multicellular development.

The discovery of miRNAs in a unicellular organism has evolutionary implications as well. While the existence of miRNAs in unicellular and multicellular organisms suggests that the miRNA pathway arose before these lineages split, the lack of universally conserved miRNA genes in algae, plants and animals suggests that they may have evolved independently.
Source : Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Best Regards
Aftab ahmad chatha
President Sciforum Pakistan
www.sciforum.20m.com

Posted by: aftabac Posts: 271 :: 02-05-2007 :: | Reply to this Message


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