Kirpal Das Makheja, Bharat Kumar Maheshwari, Shafique Arain, Suneel Kumar, Sangeeta Kumari, Vikash.
The common causes leading to pancytopenia in patients presenting to tertiary care hospital.
Pak J Med Sci Jan ;29(5):1108-11.
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of common causes leading to Pancytopenia in patients presenting to tertiary care hospital at Karachi. Methods: A total of 62 patients with the diagnosis of Pancytopenia of more than one week duration were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a detailed medical history and full physical examination followedbybloodsampling fortheinvestigations i.e. completebloodcountwithperipheralfilm,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Malarial parasites (MP), liver function test, Renal function tests, PT and viral profile (HBsAg, Anti-HCV), Ultrasonography of abdomen. All patients underwent bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy for reporting and interpretation. Duration of study was six months, from May 2010 to November 2010. Results: The average age of the patients was 37.76 ± 16.38years. Out of 62 patients, 36 (58%) were male and 26 (42%) were female. Megaloblastic anemia was the commonest cause that was observed in 41.9% cases followed by acute myeloid leukemia 27.4%, aplastic anemia 19.4% and erythroid hyperplasia 11.3%. Conclusion: This study concluded that most common cause of pancytopenia is Megaloblastic anemia, followed by acute myeloid leukemia and aplastic anemia. Bone marrow examination is a single useful investigation which reveals the underlying cause in patients with pancytopenia.
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