Mona Aziz, Namreen Nazar, Rabia Ahmad, Nazish Mazari, Hussain Farooq, Sofia W Khan, Shahida A R Shah.
Clinico hematologic features of immune thrombocytopenic purpura and its association with autoimmune disorders.
Biomedica Jan ;25(1):14-8.

Immune thrombocytopaenic purpura (ITP) is a clinical syndrome in which a decreased number of circulating platelets (thrombocytopaenia) manifests as a bleeding tendency, easy bruising (purpura), or extravasation of blood from capillaries into skin and mucous membranes (petechiae). Present study was done to observe the clinico-haematological features of ITP in Adults and to analyse the association of autoimmune disorders with ITP in Pakistani patients. It was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, from 1st January 2006 to 30th June 2007. The study included 44 adult patients of both genders diagnosed as having ITP according to WHO guidelines. Bone marrow biopsy was carried out in all patients and other causes of thrombocytopaenia were carefully excluded. Antinuclear antibodies, rheumatoid factor, HBs Ag, anti HCV, HIV were also done. The data was analysed by SPSS version 10. Results showed peak incidence in third decade with female to male ratio of 3.1:. Bleeding and bruising were common symptoms of ITP. Seven (15.9%) of 44 patients had serological evidence of systemic autoimmune disorders, i.e., SLE or RA. Platelet count was significantly lower in SLE patients than in entire cohort. It was concluded that adult ITP is predominantly seen in young females, presents with bleeding from more than 2 sites and may be associated with autoimmune disorders at the time of diagnosis.

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