Ayesha Nasir, Haleema Yasmin, Razia Korejo.
Management of iron deficiency anaemia in gynaecological patients at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi.
J Pak Med Assoc Jan ;61(10):998-101.

Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of subcutaneously administered recombinant human erythropoietin in combination with intravenous iron sucrose for the management of iron deficiency anaemia in gynaecological patients in Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre Karachi. Methods: It was an interventional quasi experimental study carried out in the department of Obstetrics /Gynaecology, at JPMC from 1st Nov 2007 to May 2008. All patients with indications for major Gynaecological surgery with iron deficiency anaemia having a mean haemoglobin level of 7gm/dl were selected and the target haemoglobin was 11gm/dl. Patients who were symptomatic, had chronic bleeding, renal failure or had signs of anaemia other than iron deficiency were excluded from the study. All investigations were done on day one before the start of therapy, and then treatment was initiated with recombinant human erythropoietin in a dose of 5000 IU subcutaneously and injection Iron Sucrose 200mg in 100cc NaCl intravenously on 3 alternate days. The parameters checked in succession on day 4 and day 10 included increase in haemoglobin level, haematocrit, reticulocyte count, and time required to reach the target haemoglobin. Results: Twenty three patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were selected for the study. At the end of 10 days of starting therapy increase in haemoglobin was on an average of 2.8gm/dl , increase in mean corpuscular volume was 4fl, Serum Iron increased by 99.86ug%, total iron binding capacity decreased by 30.86%, transferrin saturation increased by 15.5% .There were no serious reactions to Erythropoietin or Iron sucrose. Conclusion: It is concluded that recombinant erythropoietin along with iron sucrose safely increased the haemoglobin level in 10 days to the target level thus rendering the patients fit for surgery and, none of the selected patients needed blood transfusion.

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