Yazdani I, Ahmed S, Yaqoob Z.
Evaluation of the effect of hemodialysis on cardiac dysfunction in patients of chronic renal failure.
J Pak Med Assoc Jan ;48(8):230-2.
Thirty-eight patients with end stage renal disease who were on haemodialysis and had recurrent congestive cardiac failure were analysed. Echocardiographic findings were evaluated at start of haemodialysis and after 6 dialysis sessions. Seventeen cases (48%) had diastolic dysfunction, 11 (29%) systolic dysfunction 8 (18%) had normal echocardiogram and 2 (5%) had dilated left ventricle with normal ejection fraction. In the systolic dysfunction group the end diastolic diameter decreased after 6 dialysis sessions. In the diastolic dysfunction group the end diastolic diameter and ejection fraction decreased minimally. In the systolic dysfunction group 8 patients (42%) expired within 18 months with a mean survival of 5 months and in the diastolic dysfunction group 5 patients (28%) died within 18 months with a mean survival of 12 months.
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