Syeda Ayesha Absar, Rohma Qasim, Saira Khan, Rijatehseen, Muhammad Humza Bin Saeed, Anum Zehra.
An Insight into the Antibiotic Prescription Practices of Post-Graduate Dentists, Discerned through a Clinical Dental Audit.
J Islamic Int Med Coll Jan ;10(2):155-8.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reported practice of antibiotics prescribed by Post Graduate trainees, working in the Operative Department of Islamic International Dental Hospital (IIDH), Islamabad. Study Design: A clinical audit study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in the department of operative dentistry at Islamic International Medical College, Islamabad from April 2014 to July 2014. Materials and Methods: A clinical audit evaluating the antibiotics prescription practice of Post Graduate trainees at IIDH was performed. All of the eight trainees working in the Operative department were included in the study. The prescribed antibiotic; its dosage, frequency and duration, as well as the clinical conditions and reasons for which the prescription had been given was investigated using questionnaires in eighty patients (ten patients per dentist). Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 17.0, (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL). Frequencies and percentages were described for the antibiotic prescriptions. Results: Amoxicillin n=42 (53.5%) and Metronidazole n=37 (46.3%) were the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. Other prescribed antibiotics included Erythromycin n=1 (1.3 %), Penicillin n= 1 (1.3 %), Clindamycin n=1 (1.3 %), Cefalexin n=1 (1.3 %) and others n=2 (2.5 %). Tetracycline was also prescribed n= 14 (17.5 %). Conclusion: This study identified gap between the antibiotics prescription practice of postgraduate trainees and recommended clinical guidelines. The findings suggest need for a re-assessment of the antibiotics prescription practice in accordance with evidence based guidelines.

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