Huma Naz, Bushra Begum.
Prevalence and associated risk factors of anaemia in pregnant women in a teaching hospital, Korangi Industrial Area.
Pak J Surg Jan ;29(2):131-3.
Objective: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for anaemia in pregnant women to highlight the signifi cance of antenatal care. Study Design:An observational cross sectional study,using non probabililty convenience sampling technique. Place and duration of study: One and half year from 1st August 2012 to 31st January 2013,at Obstetrics & Gynaecology department, Jinnah Medical College Hospital( JMCH), Korangi Industrial Area Karachi. Methodology: The study was conducted on the patients admitted in obstetric ward, out of 810 pregnant women 440 women had singleton pregnancy with Hb<11.0gm/dl, irrespective of gestational age were included in the study. Multiple pregnancy and history of chronic disease were excluded from the study. Outcome variales were to see incidence of anaemia & to identify the risk factors. Haemoglobin(Hb%) estimation was performed at time of admission and pre-designed proforma filled, Hb%, blood count, peripherial film, MCV & MCHC used to evaluate type and severity of anaemia.Hb Electrophoresis was done if required. Results: A total 810 pregnant women of age between 20-40years admitt ed during study period,out of which 440(54.3%) found anemic,majority 295(67%) were unbooked,illterate 245(55.6%) and 57.2% belong to lower socioeconomic class.Multiparity 271(61.5%),lack of antenatal care 67% and poor nutrition 256(58.1%) were the most common risk factors. Conclusion: Iron deficiency anaemia is the commonest type of anaemia in this area. A comprehensive approach is required regarding health education and management of anaemia in pregnant women.
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