Sara Gul, Atif Hussain, Muhammad Ishtiaq, Zarka Ahmad, Imranullah, Muhammad Kamran Khalil.
Assessment of risk factors for hypertension among adult population of Hayatabad, Peshawar.
J Med Sci Jan ;23(3):158-62.

Objective: To assess various risk factors and their relation with hypertension. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study of 500 adults of age 20-70 years was conducted from April 2014 to October 2014 in Hayatabad, Peshawar. Structured questionnaire was used to collect relevant information regarding different modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Results: Our study results found that 25.6% of the adults found to be hypertensive. Approximately 70.6% were males while 29.4% were females; 26.6% were smokers; 2.4% ate predominantly meat; 26.8% were obese and overweight; 31.6% check B.P regularly; and 20.6% had positive family history of hypertension with higher chi square test value calculated at P = 0.05. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was high in adult population and showed significant positive association with advancing age, family history, type of diet, and physical inactivity, and thus lifestyle modifications along with strict adherence to preventive strategies are required to control and prevent hypertension.

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