Hamid Mahmood, Munir Saleemi, Hashim Riaz, Yasir Hassan, Farzana Khan.
Professional Med J Jan ;22(11):1454-63.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges”. American Psychiatric Association’s defined ASD as “a single disorder that includes disorders that were previously considered separate — autism, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified”. Objectives: To exploration of the coping strategies of mother who are the primary care giver of the family and children with ASD. This study correspondingly emphasized on the policy makers to bring this subject to the agenda for the training (Coping) and support (Insurance) of mothers and ASD children for special education needs (SEN) by the government. Study Design: Qualitative study. Methods: This research explored mothers coping practices with ASD children in Rawalpindi by means of qualitative study design phenomenology. Theoretical framework used were, life course perspective and social constructivism which will facilitate the complete process. Interview guide is made on the format suggested by Steinar Kvale. Data analysis will be done by two analytical techniques, grounded theory analysis. Results: The results of this study were categories which were generated were divided into two main parts positive/ healthy and negative/impaired coping strategies they are as follow:- Positive coping strategies. a) Integration b) Networking c) Religion. And the Negative coping strategies a) Avoidance b) Ignorance c) Isolation. Conclusion: Overall, findings indicated that mothers sorrow and grief associated with ASD is common in every mother. Mothers coped by educating themselves. Findings indicated feelings of shock, grief and acceptance were the part of mother’s responses, on the discovery of their child’s autism diagnosis. Findings indicated daily routines were not affected but the ASD child.

PakMediNet -Pakistan's largest Database of Pakistani Medical Journals - http://www.pakmedinet.com