Farhat Abbas, Muhammad Javed, Hamid Ali, Fidaullah Wazir.
Comparative study of manual and ultrasonographic measurement of fetal renal length.
Gomal J Med Sci Jan ;10(1):27-31.

Background: There is linear increase in renal length with gestational age. This study was conducted to assess the reliability of fetal renal length obtained by ultrasonography with the manual measurement. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 100 pregnant ladies of 2 nd & 3 rd trimester were selected for sonographic renal length study on weekly basis. Thirty dead born fetuses of 2 nd and 3 rd trimester were studied. Their kidneys were dissected out and measured manually. Measurement of both samples was compared. Results: Insignificant differences were observed between the sonographically and manually measured renal length at each gestational week of pregnancy. Conclusion: Sonographically measured fetal renal length is accurate and useful tool for assessment of fetal renal growth and well being

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