Arshad Amin, Mian Tauseef Uddin, Zafar Iqbal, Mohammad Kashif, Zeeshan Saboor Ahmed, Gulsharif.
Frequency & the Risk Factors of Diabetic Foot.
Ophthalmol Update Jan ;13(4):315-7.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of diabetic foot in diabetes mellitus and to assess the risk factors for diabetic foot. Materials & Methods: This was an analytic study conducted at Bacha Khan Medical Complex, Shahmansoor Swabi from January 2008 to December 2014. A total of 100 cases of diabetes mellitus with surgical complications were included in the study. Incusion and exclusion criteria were set in this study. Data included was age, sex, duration of diabetes mellitus (DM), type of Diabetes, type of surgical complication, status of glycemic control, type of therapy, socioeconomic status of patient and its surgical complications in diabetic patients. Relevant risk factors were noted in these patients. The data were entered into a predesigned proforma and was analyzed through SPSS program version 10. Results: A total of 100 patients of diabetic complications were admitted through outpatient department. Mean age was 51.2 years. Male to female ratio was 3:2. Mean duration of disease was 7.28 years. 72% patients had type II diabetes mellitus. In our study diabetic foot was recorded in 30 (30%) patients. Among these patients neuropathy was noted in 16 (54%) patients, vasculopathy in 14 (45%), vision problems in 06 (20%), ill-fitting shoes in 12 (40%), edema feet in 05 (16%), discoloration of feet in 10 (33%), foot deformity in 06 (20%), history of trauma in 15 (50%), previous history of foot ulcer in 7 (23%), education about foot care in diabetic patients in 10 out 100 male patients and education about foot care in diabetic foot patients in 04 (13%) out of 30 female patients. Conclusions: Diabetic foot is a common complication of diabetes mellitus. It is common in middle age, male gender and in type II diabetic patients. Common risk factors for diabetic foot are neuropathy, vasculopathy, trauma, ill-fitting shoes, discoloration of feet, foot deformity, vision problems and edema feet.
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