Israr Ahmed Bhutto, Sadia Bukhari, Abdus Sami Memon, Amir Yasir.
Frequency and the types of Astigmatism amongst the Children aged 5 to 15 years at Tertiary Care Hospital.
Ophthalmol Update Jan ;13(4):267-70.

Aim: To determine the frequency and the types of Astigmatism among the children aged 5 to 15 years at tertiary care hospital. Methods: It was an observational, cross?sectional, descriptive type of study. The study was conducted at the Pediatric Eye Department of a tertiary eye care hospital from 1st October 2014 to 31st March 2014. Every consecutive patient come into pediatric eye department of aged 5 to 15 years during this period was included in this study. Results: Total 1169 were examined from which 132 (11.2%) patients had astigmatism in both eyes. Of these 71 (53.5%) were male and 61(46.5%) were female. Among all types of astigmatism simple myopic astigmatism accounted 28 (21%), simple hyperopic astigmatism was 16(12%), Compound Myopic Astigmatism was 57 (43%), Compound hyperopic Astigmatism was 20 (15%) and Mixed Astigmatism was 11 (9%). Only 12 patients had astigmatism in one eye. Conclusion: Astigmatism is a common refractive problem and is especially significant in children because of its effect on visual development. This study shows that compound myopic astigmatism increases with the age may be due to more near work and high studying intensities.

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