Basit A, Hydrie M Z I, Ahmed K, Hakeem R.
Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose and associated risk factors in a rural area of Baluchistan province according to new ADA criteria..
J Pak Med Assoc Jan ;52(8):357-60.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes in an adult rural population on the basis of fasting blood glucose (FBG) alone using American Diabetic Association (ADA) criteria and to assess the prevalence of and association between selected risk factors such as obesity, family history of diabetes and hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen randomly selected villages from the Lasbella district of Baluchistan were included in this study. One month before the survey a team visited the areas; all the households located in the selected areas were approached and the family members aged 25 or above, who were available and willing to participate in the study, were recruited. On the day of survey anthroprometric and blood pressure measurements were taken; interviews were conducted to obtain demographic information and health history and fasting blood samples were collected. The blood samples were transported to the laboratory and analysed using `GOD-PAP` Enzymatic Colorimetric test method. RESULTS: A total of 670 males and 1362 females were studied. Prevalence rate of diabetes using the ADA fasting criteria was 6.3% while the prevalence rate in males was 10.1% and in females was 4.3%. The prevalence rate of impaired fasting glucose was 4.2% in males and 2.3% in females. Overall prevalence of obesity between diabetics vs non-diabetics was 22% vs 16%, for hypertension 12.9% vs 6.5% and for positive family history of diabetes 1.6% vs 0.9% was higher among diabetics as compared to non diabetics; the difference of these parameters was statistically significant only among females (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest the need of continual use of OGTT for screening people at high risk of developing diabetes and perhaps also for diagnosing diabetes.

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