Nabeel Khan Afridi, Suhaib Ahmed, Saleem Ahmed Khan, Nadir Ali, Shan-e Rauf.
Early Diagnosis of Dengue Virus infection in Clinically Suspected Cases.
Pak Armed Forces Med J Jan ;66(6):837-40.
Objective: Comparison of real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for diagnosis of dengue virus infection in first week of illness in clinically suspected patients of dengue fever. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of haematology, Armed forces institute of Pathology (AFIP) Rawalpindi from Jan 2013 to Nov 2013. Material and Methods: A cross sectional study including 68 clinically suspected patients of dengue fever according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. IgM capture ELISA and RT PCR for dengue virus ribonucleic acid (RNA) was performed on samples collected from patients having fever for 1 to 7 days. these were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 presented with fever of 4 days or less, patients in group 2 had fever of 5 to 7 days duration. Results: in group 1, 72% of the patients were positive by RT PCR while 31% were positive by IgM capture ELISA. in group 2, 43% of the patients were positive by RT PCR while 97% were positive by ELISA. Conclusion: RT PCR can be used for early detection of dengue virus infection in the first few days of fever while IgM ELISA is diagnostic afterwards.
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