Summaya Malik, Muhammad Naveed Riaz.
Predictors of mental well-being among adults in Pakistan and Qatar: cross-cultural study on salutogenesis Model of medical health.
Pak J Med Res Jan ;57(2):50-4.
Background: The study has investigated a concept of salutogenesis model of medical health named sense of coherence in relation to well-being of adults from a cross-cultural perspective. Besides the independent effect of sense of coherence on the well-being, its effect was combined in a moderation model to investigate its interactive effect on well-being. Objectives: The study intended to examine the moderating role of extroversion and neuroticism in the relationship between sense of coherence and well-being in Pakistan and Qatar. The research also investigated mean differences in the level of sense of coherence in two cultures including Pakistan and Qatar. More clearly interaction effect of sense of coherence and personality types was investigated along with a cross-cultural comparison on sense of coherence. Subjects and Methods: Sense of Coherence Scale, Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being and NEO-Five Factors Inventory were administered on 250 participants from Pakistan and Qatar. The study completed in one year duration from 2015 to 2016. Results: Moderation analysis revealed that personality types moderated the relationship between sense of coherence and well-being among adult participants. Results of t-test found that adults from Qatar exhibited higher level of sense of coherence as compared to their Pakistani counterparts. Conclusion: The study has investigated a medical health model of salutogenesis from cross-cultural perspective. Finding confirmed the interactive effect of sense of coherence and personality types on the well-being of adults. Significant differences in the level of sense of coherence in two cultures contain cross-cultural importance from medical perspective. Key words: Salutogenesis, sense of coherence, well-being, neuroticism, extroversion, adults.
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