Abdul Sattar, Moazzam Ali Naqvi, Shoukat Ali, Madiha Iqbal.
Comparison of Functional Capacity in Type 2 Diabetic and non-diabetic cases with respect to gender.
Pak J Med Health Sci Jan ;8(2):352-5.

Aim: To compare the functional capacity in type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic cases with respect to gender. Methods: This Cross sectional comparative study included 400 randomized diabetic and non diabetic subjects, aged 30-69 years, and underwent symptom-limited maximal treadmill exercise using Bruce Protocol. Patients were recruited through the out-door department of Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore Pakistan, from 1st July to 30th December, 2013. P-value ≤ 0.05 was taken as significant. Results: Out of 400 patients, 300(75%) were males while 100(25%) were female. The mean age of the study population was 46.93±8.97 years. Hypertension and family history were the important risk factors found in the study population. In diabetic patients, the trend towards poor functional capacity was higher in female as compare to non-diabetic patients (38.5% vs. 27.1%). At age group 50-59 years risk of poor functional capacity was higher in women compare to men. Conclusion: Poor functional capacity is more significantly associated with diabetic females.

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