Junaid Tariq, Ambreen Usmani, Maroosha Imran, Naveed Faraz.
Social and Health Related Effects of Smart Phone Usage among University Students.
J Bahria Uni Med Dental Coll Jan ;9(3):179-82.

Objective: To assess the social and health related effects of smart phone usage among the students of a public university in Karachi. Study Design and Setting: Cross sectional study conducted on students of a public university of Karachi from July 2018 to October 2018 Result: One hundred and fifty students participated, of which 75 were females and 75 were males. It was observed those females were using WhatsApp more than their male counterparts. Males showed a slightly higher frequency of using Facebook and other internet Apps. From the total sample 66.6% noticed decrease in their eye sight, 17% are depressed, 38% had headache, 42% had bad effects on their studies and 43% had family related issues due to usage of smart phone Conclusion: Use of smart phone has many adverse effects on university students like poor eye sight, depression, headaches, effects on studies and family issues. Key words: Impact, depression, smart phone, university students

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