Atiq-ur Rehman, Syeda Farhana Kazmi, Shagufta Perveen, Tahira Jabeen.
Health related quality of life among coronary heart disease patients, with and without anxiety & depression.
Pak Heart J Jan ;49(1):33-9.
Objective: To investigate and compare anxiety, depression and health related quality of life among coronary heart disease(CHD) patients with and without anxiety and depression. Methodology: This case control study was conducted at Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology (FIC) from 1st January 2015 to 28th February 2015. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to measure the anxiety and depression and Health Related Quality of Life Inventory (HRQoL) SF-36 was used to measure the quality of life of patients. Results: The sample comprised of 150 CHD patients (Male) and 150 healthy controls(Male) with age ranging from 45 to 65 years. Higher anxiety was observed among CHD patients as compared to healthy controls (M=10.84+-4.12 vs 4.64+-3.27, p< .05). Similarly higher depression was observed among CHD patients (M= 9.79+- 4.91 vs 3.97+-2.94 , p<.05). CHD patients had lower HRQoL (M= 57.70+- 27.88 vs 80.41+-20.36 , p=.05) and patients with anxiety and depression had more poor HRQoL after word depression (M=51.72+- 27.39 vs 63.68+-27.24 , p<.05). Conclusion: Anxiety and depression are risk factors for health related quality of life among CHD patients.
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