Iqbal Hussain Pathan, Sohail Khan Bangash, Amin Muhammad Khawaja.
Spectrum of heart defects in children presenting for paediaric cardiac surgery.
Pak Heart J Jan ;49(1):29-32.
Objective: To determine gender distribution and relative frequency of cardiac defects in children who underwent palliative or corrective cardiac surgery. Methodology: This retrospective cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery at National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Karachi, Pakistan from October 2013 till September 2015. Patients up to age group of 14 years admitted for cardiac surgery at Paediatric Cardiac Surgery at National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD) were included. Results: Out of 1004 patients, there were 683 males (68%). Patients presented with cyanotic heart disease were 578(57.5%) while a cynotic patients were 426(42.4%). Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) followed by Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)were the commonest congenital heart lesions, 42.8% and 20% respectively. Conclusion: Majority of patients with paediatric heart disease had cyanotic CHD with the commonest lesion being Tetralogy Of Fallot (TOF) . Most of the patients were more than one year ( 70%) with significant difference in sex distribution with male predominance.
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