Fatima Sana, Luqman Satti, Gohar Zaman, Adeel Gardezi, Anam Imtiaz, Tahir Khadim.
Pattern of Blood Stream Infections and their antibiotic susceptibility profile in a Neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital; a current perspective..
J Pak Med Assoc Jan ;69(11):1668-72.

To determine the pattern of blood stream infections and their antibiotic susceptibility profile with infectivity predictors in a neonatal setting. The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from December 1, 2016,to April 30, 2018, and comprised blood culture samples received in Bactec/BactAlert paediatric bottles from neonates aged 0-30 days admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit. The samples were processed as per the standard guidelines. Antibiotic susceptibility was checked as per guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Institute. VITEK 2 system was used for rapid identification and minimum inhibitory concentrations of the drugs. SPSS 24 was used for data analysis. Out of 640 samples, 172(27%) were culture-positive. Among them, 98(57%) were gramnegative rods, 50(29%) gram-positive cocci and 24(14%) were fungi. Of the 172 pathogens identified, Klebsiella pneumoniae was 39(22.7%) followed by Candida species 24(14%) and methicillin-resistant Coagulase-negative staphylococci 20(11.6%). Of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates, 26(58%) were extended spectrum -lactamase producers. Among Acinetobacterbaumanii, 11(58%) were extensively drug resistant and Carbapenem-resistant strains were 20(91%). Also, 4(8%) isolates of Enterococcus faecium were vancomycin-resistant. Majority of the isolates causing blood stream infections in neonatal intensive care unit were multi drug resistant, posing a therapeutic challenge for the neo natologists .

PakMediNet -Pakistan's largest Database of Pakistani Medical Journals - http://www.pakmedinet.com