Aisha Ahmad, Samina Aslam, Amna Tariq, Robina Firdous, Humaira Ahmad, Ijaz Ahmed.
Comparison of rapid sequence induction intubation conditions with suxamethonium verses rocuronium..
Professional Med J Jan ;27(04):759-64.

Objectives: To compare endotracheal intubating conditions in rapid sequence induction using Suxamethonium and Rocuronium. Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Setting: Allied Hospital Faisalabad. Period: From 02-07-2015 to 01-07-2016. Material & Methods: After taking approval from hospital ethical committee, cases of emergency surgery fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled and informed consent was taken after explaining all the procedure to the patient. All the patients were randomly divided into 2 groups by using computer generated random number table. Both groups were induced with thiopentone sodium 5mg/kg, analgesia was given with nalbuphine 0.1mg/kg. Group A was given Suxamethonium in a dose of 1 mg/kg body weight after induction agent. Group B was given 0.6 mg/kg Rocuronium after induction. Intubation was performed after 60 sec in both groups with cricoid pressure. Anesthesia was maintained with O2/N2O in a ratio of 50:50 and isoflurane (0.6-1.0%) in both groups. Anesthesia was stopped at the end of surgery in all the patients. Results: Mean age of the patients was 40.49+11.47 and 43.43+12.88 years, 51.43% and 45.71% were male while 48.57% and 54.29% were females, Comparison of intubation conditions was recorded as 97.14% excellent and 2.86% good in patients received suxamethonium and 82.86% and 17.14% in Rocuronium Group had good conditions. Conclusion: It was found that Suxamethonium is significantly better when compared to Rocuronium for endotracheal intubation conditions in rapid sequence induction.

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