Nida Anwar, Haya-ul Mujtaba, Naveena Fatima, Abdul Latif, Tahir Sultan Shamsi.
Medical Errors in a Newly Established Teaching Hospital- Some Lessons Learnt for Better Practices.
Natl J Health Sci Jan ;4(4):136-40.

Objective: Medical errors (MEs) are flaws in implementation of act and failure of planning associated with patients. To avoid errors healthcare units are trying to make safer strategies that decrease morbidity and mortality due to MEs. The aim of this study was to evaluate errors and make strategies to avoid such errors in future. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted at NIBD-PECHS campus Karachi, Pakistan. Approval was taken from institutional review board. Data was collected from February 2018 to January 2019. Reporting form included variables like reporting month, location, department, classification, root cause, risk, action taken, financial burden and status. Analysis was done by using SPSS 23.0. Results: A total of 42 MEs were reported at our hospital which were divided into four categories: patient care events 19 (45.2%), management events17 (40.5%), criminal events 3 (7.1%) and equipment error errors 3 (7.1%). Most of errors occurred in inpatient department 27 (64.2%) and nurses were responsible for 17 (40.5%) errors. In most of cases 23 (54.8%) root cause was staff negligence and to resolve this 22 (52.4%) verbal warnings were given. About 367.62USD (52,000PKR) were consumed to resolve the errors. Conclusion: We concluded that reporting MEs is practical approach to give quality services to patients and facilitates in making new policies to reduce errors in future.

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