Belal Yousef Laf, Fares Rayzah, Hannan Albishi, Saleem Abdul Sattar Khan.
Spontaneous rupture of Spleen secondary to falciparum malaria.
Pak J Surg Jan ;36(1):102-5.
Malaria is a common health problem in tropical region, commonly involved countries are Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Srilanka and adjacent countries. Few cases has been reported from, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and many other countries of the world. Th e human variant is caused by the protozoon, parasite plasmodium which has four species known as falciparum, malariae, vivax. It is transmitted by anopheles mosquito. The clinical features of malarial infestation are fever with rigors, severe headache, muscular ache, generalized convulsion, renal failure, splenomegaly, if not treated it may cause circulatory collapse, coma and death. Plasmodium falciparum is endemic in certain regions of Saudi Arabia including Jazan and adjacent areas. Spontaneously rupture of spleen is a dreadful complication and occurs in an estimated of 2% of cases.
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