Riaz Gul, Hira Gul, Sofia Shehzad, Adil Zarif.
Prevalence of Hypertension in 500 Teachers of Peshawar University and its Associated Causative Factors.
J Gandhara Med Dent Sci Jan ;5(1):3-8.
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension in 500 teachers of Peshawar University and to study its associated causative factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was conducted over 500 teachers from different departments of university of Peshawar from 15th September 2017 to 15th December 2017. Random sampling technique was used to collect the required sample size. All teachers who were involved in active teaching were included in sample while teachers with other major illness like diabetes or congenital heart defects were excluded from the study. A semi structured questionnaire was used as study tool for data collection. The information was collected and presented in the form of graphs and charts. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 17. RESULTS: 500 teachers from various departments of Peshawar University were interviewed. Out of them 353 (70.6%) were male and 147 (29.4%) were female. Out of the total sample population 128 had hypertension giving a prevalence of 25. 6%. Prevalence was high among teachers above 40 years of age (110 of 128) and those have a positive family history of hypertension (33% of hypertensive). 38.3% of the total overweight and 55. 6% of total obese were found to be hypertensive. 29. 3% of smokers were hypertensive as compared to 25.4% of non-smokers. All the hypertensive patients seemed to be stressed in one way or the other. CONCLUSION: The studies showed that the prevalence was high among teachers above 40 years of age, smokers and those having a stressful routine.
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