Sania Saher, Maria Aslam, Sidra Khalid.
Dietary Assessment of patients Suffering from Chronic Renal Failure with Complications.
Asian J Allied Health Sci Jan ;4(4):46-50.
Chronic renal disease is generally referred as impaired functioning of kidneys. Occurrence of kidney damage, increased loss of albumin in urine and a decreased glomerular filtration (GFR) rate are the clinical manifestations of chronic renal disease. It is a major health issue worldwide and the rate of this disease is increasing day by day. OBJECTIVE: To find out the dietary patterns of patients suffering from chronic renal failure with complications. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital for a period of 4 months from Feb 2019- May 2019 and 100 patients of chronic renal failure with complications (hypertensive and diabetic) were selected by non-probability sampling to conduct the study. RESULTS: Results showed that 70 participants were males and 30 participants were females. The mean of age and BMI was (51.22 +- 12.9 years) and (21.79 +- 4.794 kg/m2). 24% patients were having family history of renal failure. All patients were from urban areas. 57% patients were consuming meat and meat products on daily basis. 53% patients were consuming fruits and vegetables 1-2times a week. 12% participants were consuming dairy once a month. 48% patients were consuming miscellaneous foods 1-2 times a week. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic renal failure was more prevalent in males as compared to females. All patients were diabetic and hypertensive. More than half of the participants were from middle socio-economic status. Majority of patients were consuming proteins on daily basis. KEYWORDS: Chronic renal failure (CRF), Dietary assessment, Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension.
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