Wajeeha Qayyum, Mohammad Naveed Anwar, Mawara Iftikhar, Muhammad Fozan Khan, Mohammad Jawad, Laraib Saeed.
Endoscopic findings in patients with refractory dyspepsia at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar, KPK Province, Pakistan.
Professional Med J Jan ;28(04):585-91.

Objectives: This study was aimed to describe the endoscopic findings in patients with refractory dyspepsia. Study Design: Observational study. Setting: Rehman Medical Institute Peshawer. Period: March 2017- Feb 2019. Material & Methods: All the patients who were referred for endoscopy for refractory dyspepsia were included by consecutive non probability sample technique. Data was entered and analyzed on SPSS version 22. Results: Out of 727 patients, 51.6% (n=375) were male. Mean age was 43.09+-15. 54.30% (n=395) endoscopies were normal. Antral gastritis, Fundal gastritis and Pangastritis were noted in 14% (n=102), 4.40% (n=32) and 8.50% (n=62) patients respectively. Gastroenteritis was found in 5.40 %( n= 39) while 3.20 %( n=23) patients had duodenitis. Reflux oesophagitis was observed in 2.50% (n=18) patients. 1.20 %( n= 9) had erosions while 0.80% (n=6) had gastric ulcers, 1.20% (n=9) had carcinoma, 2.30% (n=17) had hiatal hernia and 2.10% (n=15) had other gastric pathologies. Functional dyspepsia was seen in 89.9% patients. It was observed more in young age, female gender, and in patients from Afghanistan, frequency being 66.3%, 63.4% and 59% respectively. Conclusion: Most patients with refractory dyspepsia had normal endoscopy, it was common in females, young age and Afghanistan patients. Reflux oesophagitis was common pathological finding with predominance in elderly.

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