Versha Rai, Muhammad Nadeem Chohan, Nazimuddin, Khuda Bux, Saadullah Chacher.
Comparison of montelukast versus montelukast plus inhaled corticosteroid (Budesonide) in children with mild persistent asthma.
Professional Med J Jan ;28(05):677-81.

Objective: To compare therapeutic response between Montelukast versus Montelukast plus inhaled corticosteroid (Budesonide) in children having mild persistent asthma. Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Setting: Department of Pediatrics Medicine, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi. Period: 1st April 2016 to 30th September 2016. Material & Methods: Children aged 2 years to 14 years having mild persistent asthma for more than 6 months were included. After treatment Good response was considered when, forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) became >7.5% from baseline. Group A was given montelukast as monotherapy once daily and Group B was given Montelukast along with inhaled corticosteroid (Budesonide. At 6 weeks followup change in FEV1 was recorded. Result: Mean age of the patients in montelukast alone (Group A) was 6.77+/-2.16 years while in montelukast with Inhaled Corticosteroid (Group B) was 6.97+/-2.17 years. Duration of disease in Group A was 18.32+/-6.12 months while in montelukast with ICS group was 18.50 +/-6.08 months. Baseline FEV1 in Group A was 81.83+/-0.85% while in Group B was 82.05 +/-0.63%. Males were higher with 131 (61.8%). Family history was positive in 82 (38.70%) patients. After 6 weeks mean FEV1 was 89.49 +/-0.87% in Group A while in Group B was 89.53+/-0.86%. Overall good responses were found in 21 (9.09%) patients. In Group A, good response was found in 5 (4.7%) patients while in Group B was in 16 (15.1%) with significant p-value. Conclusion: In our study montelukast along with inhaled steroids had better response than montelukast alone in mild persistent asthma.

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