Ameet Jesrani, Riaz Hussain Awan, Latif Aziz Memon, Seema Nayab.
Outcome of patients treated with N-Butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in gastric variceal bleeding..
Professional Med J Jan ;28(10):1463-9.

Objective: Aim of study was to determine outcomes of patients treated with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. Study Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Department of Gastroenterology at Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro. Period: December 2019 to March 2020. Material & Methods: A Retrospective study was conducted between by viewing medical records and endoscopy reports. Total 31 patients were enrolled with gastric variceal bleed that underwent endoscopic injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate we examined the mortality rate, hemostasis, Hospital stay, need of blood transfusion, and effectiveness of procedure. Results: A Total of 31 patients, out of which 18 (58.1 %) were male; the mean age was 55.23±8.778 years. Of these patients 23 (74.2 %), had concomitant esophageal varices, Child-Pugh class-A, B, C were seen in 4, 20 & 7 patients (12.9, 64.5 % & 22.6) respectively. Average duration of hospital stay was 5 to 8 days in 22 cases (71.0 %). Less than 3 pints of PRBC were transfused in 17 cases (54.8 %). Hemostasis was achieved in 27 patients (87%). Overall mortality rate was 3 out of 31(9.7%). one patient was referred for TIPSS. No complications from cyanoacrylate injection were observed. Conclusion: Standardized injection technique and regimen ensures the success and safety of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate injection for the treatment of gastric fundal varices in experienced hands.

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