Asbah Rahman, Qudratullah Malik, Farooq Ikram.
Four different presentations of wilson\'s disease in one family.
Pak Armed Forces Med J Jan ;71(4):1498-500.
Wilson’s disease (WD) is an important differential to consider in any child presenting with hepatic, neurological or ophthalmological manifestations of the disease. We report here 4 individuals of the same family: 2 paediatric and 2 adult patients with a spectrum of manifestations of the disease presenting to Pak Emirates Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi, from January 2019 and September 2020. The index case had neuro-wilson; the brother was diagnosed preemptively during screening; the father being completely asymptomatic despite markedly raised 24 hours urinary copper levels; and the paternal uncle being diagnosed after many years of manifesting hepatic symptoms. The purpose of this publication is to sensitize the readers to the usage of scoring tools such as the Leipzig score, the importance of regular follow-up and family screening of hereditary diseases. We would also like to highlight the possibility of missed diagnosis with serum Copper levels (S.Copper) which were within normal limits (WNL) in all 4 of our patients; and Serum ceruloplasmin (S.ceruloplasmin) levels which were within normal limits in 3\4 of these patients, that are often used as screening tools for WD.
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