Qamar Rafiq, Mubashar Zeeshan, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Irfan.
Tracheobronchial aspiration affects the outcome of hospitalization among Hepatic Encephalopathy patients.
Pak J Med Sci Jan ;38(4):928-32.

Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the effect of tracheobronchial aspiration on hospitalization outcomes and the factors influencing its occurrence. Methods: This prospective descriptive study was conducted from January 2017 to December 2020 at GMC/DHQ-Teaching Hospital in Gujranwala, Pakistan. All consenting liver cirrhosis patients with hepatic encephalopathy > 12 years of age admitted at the study site were included. The patient’s baseline characteristics and the hospitalization outcomes were noted in terms of death and discharge. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 22.0. The predictors of tracheobronchial aspiration were determined using Independent Sample T test and Chi-square test for quantitative and qualitative variables respectively. The p-values were taken statistically significant if < 0.05. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed to ascertain the effect of significant factors on the likelihood of tracheobronchial aspiration. Results: Among the total of 294 patients, 28.0% died during hospitalization. Death occurred significantly more in group of patients who had tracheobronchial aspiration (62.7% vs 12.0%, p<0.01). Increasing age was associated with increased chance of tracheobronchial aspiration (p<0.01). Male gender (49.6% vs 8.2%, p<0.01), patients whose hepatic encephalopathy was precipitated by upper GI bleed (59.7% vs 22.9%, p<0.01), and patients with comorbidities (p=0.02) were significantly prone to tracheobronchial aspiration. Conclusions: Tracheobronchial aspiration is a significant predictor of inpatient mortality among patients with hepatic encephalopathy. Male gender, increasing age & upper GI bleed predict aspiration in hepatic encephalopathy patients.

PakMediNet -Pakistan's largest Database of Pakistani Medical Journals -