Maliha Hashim, Syed Muhammad Naeem Afzal, Muhammad Arif Nadeem.
Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in Newly Diagnosed Type II Diabetes Mellitus patients.
J Pak Society Int Med May ;2(1):37-41.

Background: Diabetes mellitus can cause disturbances in the body's metabolism and energy utilization from carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) can complicate to diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, conducted at Medical Unit III, Services Hospital Lahore from 26/04/2018 to 25/10/2018. This study involved 194 patients of both genders aged between 16-60 years diagnosed of type II diabetes for at least 6 months. These patients were assessed for the presence of metabolic syndrome (according to IDF definition). Awritten informed consent was obtained from every patient. Results: The mean age of the patients was 49.2+-10.9 years. There were 106 (54.6%) male and 88 (45.4%) female patients in the study group with a male to female ratio of 1.2:1. The mean BMI of these patients was 28.4+-3.9 Kg/m2. 61 (31.4%) patients were obese while 89 (45.9%) patients were smoker. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 129 (66.5%) patients with type-II diabetes. It was significantly higher in females (79.5% vs. 55.7%; p-value<0.001) as compared to males while there was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of metabolic syndrome across various subgroups of type-II diabetic patients based on age (p=0.789), BMI (p=0.173) and smoking status (p=0.579). Conclusion: We observed that a substantial proportion of patients with newly diagnosed type II diabetes suffered metabolic syndrome which warrants routine screening of such patients for metabolic syndrome so that timely diagnosis and management may improve the case outcome.

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