Huma Quddusi, Saira Anwar.
Comparison of Misoprostol and PGF2a for second trimester termination of Pregnancy.
Ann King Edward Med Uni Jan ;10(4):311-3.
Aims: To compare the effectiveness of vaginally administered misoprostol with extra-amniotic prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) injection for termination of pregnancy. Study Design: Interventional study. Setting: This study was conducted in gynae unit III Nishter hospital Multan over period f 15 months. Material & Methods: Patients admitted to labour ward with pregnancy of less than 20 weeks of gestation requiring termination of pregnancy due to fetal and maternal causes were included in this study. A detailed history was taken followed by clinical examination especially the cervical scoring was done. Sixty patients were randomly assigned to receive either tablet misoprostol (cytotec) intravaginally or extra-amniotic injection of prostaglandin F2a Induction-expulsion interval, need for evacuation and the incidence of side effects were analyzed for both groups. Results: Successful termination was achieved in 98% patients with misoprostol and 94% with PGF2a Induction expulsion interval was < 12 hrs in 80% patients in misoprostol group and 60% in PGF2a group (P value < 0.000). Evacuation rate was 23.3% with PGF2a and 10% with misoprostol group. The incidence of prostaglandin-associated pyrexia, vomiting and diarrhea were significantly increased in the PGF2alpha group (p<0.05). Conclusion: In this study, vaginal misoprostol has been found to be more effective and associated with a shorter induction to expulsion interval, fewer ERPOC for incomplete evacuation and less side effects when compared with extra-amniotic PGF2alpha. In view of its effectiveness, as shown in this study, vaginally administered misoprostol has the potential to provide a better option for medical abortion in many parts of the world.
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