Muhammad Aftab Akbar, Moona Munir Awan, Nasir Jamal, Ijaz Hussain Malik, Aziz M.
A clinicoepidemiological study of snakebite in Multan.
Ann King Edward Med Uni Jan ;10(4):429-31.
Objective: To know the epidemiological characteristics of snakebite in and around Multan and to highlight various patterns of toxicity in sufferers of snake`s envenomation. Design: Descriptive, observational study. Place & duration of study: This study was conducted at Medical Unit-IV, Nishtar Hospital, Multan during the year 2002-2003. Patients and Methods: One hundred victims of snakebite from seven various districts around Multan, who were brought to Nishtar Hospital, Multan, irrespective of age, sex and previous medical therapy were included in this study. All victims of snakebite were examined and investigated to know the various patterns of toxicity. Results: Most of the victims (78%) were found to be sufferers of toxic bite, affected mostly on lower limbs (62%) and during night time (52%) of summer season. Hemotoxic snakes were the most common type of snakes (52%) causing envenomations. 90% patients recovered completely and a death rate of 6% and disability rate of 4% was observed. Conclusion: Morbidity and mortality from snakebite can be reduced by proper health education of the farmers, regarding importance of footwear and potential hazards of snakebite.
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