Bakht Samar Khan, Amir Zia, Ibrar Hussain, Zia ul Islam.
Why Enucleation & Eviscreation in Endophthalmitis patients? what are risk factors?.
J Med Sci Jan ;14(1):48-50.

Background: Endophthalmitis is an inflammatory condition of the eyeball frequently resulting in visual loss and ultimately ending up either in evisceration or enucleation. This study was planned to determine what were the risk factors resulting in this debilitating ocular condition. Research Methodology: Records of 100 endopthalmitis patients available for the last three years (June 2001 – May 2004) at the Department of Ophthalmology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar were analyzed for parameters like age and sex distribution, causes, time interval between presentation and evisceration and enucleation. Results: We found out that evisceration/enucleation was done in 23% of cases. Evisceration/enulceation frequency percentage in exogenous endopthalmitis was 42.86% and for endogenous type was 21.51%. Further analysis revealed that post-operative endopthalmitis was responsible for 18.33% evisceration/enucleation rate, while the rate was 27.27% and 30.77% for accidental and intraocular foreign bodies type, respectively. Conclusion: Endopthalmitis is a common sequelae to traumatic conditions of eyeball and preventive measures are must to decrease the rate of evisceration/enucleation done to treat this condition.

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